The aim of the study is to evaluate the results of surgical treatment in patients with sacroiliac joint injury.
Methods. An analysis of the results of surgical treatment of 60 patients with sacroiliac joint injury was conducted at the Center of polytrauma and orthopedic surgery of the State Public Healthcare Institution “Emergency Hospital” in Abai Region, the Trauma and Endoprosthetics Department of the State Public Healthcare Institution “Multispecialty City Hospital No. 1” in the city of Astana, and the “Shymkent City Clinical Hospital No. 1” from June 2019 to August 2022.
Patients were divided into two groups. Patients in the control group underwent surgery using the standard technique, while patients in the experimental group underwent surgery using a device developed by us for minimally invasive locking osteosynthesis of sacroiliac joint injuries. The study was a randomized controlled trial by design.
Results. The use of the device for minimally invasive locking osteosynthesis of sacroiliac joint injuries leads to a significant reduction in the length of hospitalization for all types of sacroiliac joint injuries regardless of the patient’s initial condition (p=0.001). Correlation analysis revealed a correlation between the observation group and patient pain assessment at 12 months (p=0.001).
According to the Majeed Pelvic Score at 12 months, the maximum score in the experimental group was 98 points, while in the control group, it was 70 points. A satisfactory assessment on the Majeed Pelvic Score at 12 months was observed in 10% (n=3) of patients in the control group and none in the experimental group. There were no unsatisfactory responses in both groups (significant differences were found, p=0.001).
Conclusions. The use of the device developed by us for minimally invasive locking osteosynthesis of sacroiliac joint injuries reduces the length of hospitalization and the time to return to work (12 months in the control group and 8 months in the experimental group). The absence of pain in patients after 12 months in the experimental group was 86.7% (n=26) and 66.6% (n=20) in the control group. According to the Majeed Pelvic Score in the long term (3, 6, and 12 months), the frequency of excellent results increases from 13.3% to 90.0% in the experimental group and from 10% to 73.4% in the control group.
Keywords: trauma, sacroiliac joint, minimally invasive locking osteosynthesis.